5G: What Is It and How Does It Work?
What Is 5G
5G stands for fifth-generation cellular wireless and is the predecessor of 4G, which is what most cellular networks currently run on. But this is changing quickly with a complete rollout of 5G networks slated to be in place by the end of 2020. 5G is starting out as an NSA network (non-standalone) because 5G devices will need 4G networks for their initial connection.
Offering faster speeds with more reliable connections for devices with lower latency, the next generation in mobile connectivity is 5G. On average 5G connections will have download speeds of 1GB per second as the norm. Networks running on 5G will provide the infrastructure to carry large amounts of data to power the Internet of Technology (IoT) technology.
How 5G Works
Along the lines of previous cellular networks, 5G networks use microcell site systems that are divided into territories sectors, which send and receive encoded data via radio waves. Connected by wired or wireless connections, each cell site is connected to a backbone network. With greater flexibility than LTE networks, the design of the air interface will have lower latency.
Much smarter than previous network systems, 5G networks will juggle more small cells that vary in size and shape. Including prior macro sites, 5G will boast a beefier capacity by up to four times the current network systems by using wider bandwidths with more advanced antenna technology. The end goal of 5G networks is to have higher connectivity speeds available.
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